— Log

15 settembre 18

Internet without hierarchies

A piece of tape to cover the webcam: an old craft solution that clearly speaks about people’s desire to have their own space. However, almost 20 years after the spread of webcams, not only nobody thinks about covering the small cameras that are on the phones, but all those that we think to be our private spaces on the Internet are actually used for profit.

The problem is not wether to share or not one’s personal information on the Internet, but the fact that the big players actually have the physical ownership of everything that is published. The problem is the centralization.

The Internet was born as a heterogeneous network of contents, it had to be immune to the possibility of external control thanks to the ease of replication. But the Web 2.0 has led people to prefer to transfer all their content to a few centralized platforms that gave access to a space to publish everybody’s ideas in spite of the network’s autonomy: “You can share anything on our servers while we’ll remove any difficulties, so you can easily post your new album or your latest thoughts. But it must take place on our terms. Basically we’re renting you a space”.

pakistan protests facebook
Pakistan, protests in favor of a greater control over blasphemy by Facebook, a website that now has political power. Source: R.E.A.L..

The rules of this lease were soon converted to paywalls, pounding advertisements and sale of data. Autonomous and isolated individuals unfortunately always choose the best for themselves, destroying the very meaning of community. Facebook discourages posting external links: logical from their point of view as they want to keep you inside their website, but the result is the destruction of the same public resource where Facebook was born.

If from a social point of view it’s nowadays difficult to find interest again in the concept of community, decentralization is the most recent proposal to restore power back to the users through technological means already available to us. Freedom of expression, privacy and universal access to knowledge should be a fundamental part of the Internet. However right now these values just aren’t, and the protocols on which the Web is based should evolve to maximize the possibility of sharing knowledge without feeding the anarcho-capitalism.


DAT and IPFS have precisely this objective: decentralize the Internet through an exchange of files between users without the use of a central server. A way to evade censorship, save important data before they stop being online and publish content in a much faster and more efficient way.

Norma supports this more responsible attitude towards the Internet. Through a proprietary server, not only is our site available on DAT but we’re personally committed to being active, becoming nodes of the decentralized network, because we dream of a heterogeneous Web, in which personal blogs are again the protagonists and websites don’t disappear in a short time.

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